|Study design(s) targeted by the tool||Cross-sectional studiescross-sectional-study|
|Additional details on designs||NA|
|Link to the tool||Access the paper reporting the AXIS tool|
|Primary publication||Downes MJ, Brennan ML, Williams HC, Dean RS. Development of a critical appraisal tool to assess the quality of cross-sectional studies (AXIS). BMJ Open 2016;6(12).|
None known – please contact us if you are aware of any training that should be listed here.
None known – please contact us if you are aware of any translations that should be listed here.
|Record last updated||15/08/2023|
Related tools and Publications
None known – please contact us if you are aware of any evaluations that should be listed here.
None known – please contact us if you are aware of any publications that should be listed here.
|Focuses on risk of bias, or makes a distinction between items that assess risk of bias and other aspects of study quality||No|
|Offers a method to reach either a domain specific or overall assessment of risk of bias||No|
|Used in at least one review that none of the tool authors were co-authors on or is an update to a previously recommended LATITUDES key tool||Yes|
|Tool development involving a range of stakeholders from different disciplines (e.g. methodologists, statisticians, clinicians)||Yes|
|Avoids recommending use of summary numerical quality scores||Yes|